This course is required of all P-5 elementary education majors, all 7-12 special education majors, and in the mathematics emphasis and specialization for P-5 and middle grades, respectively. The mathematical topics discussed in the course are chosen to reflect the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics Curriculum and Evaluation Standards for School Mathematics and Kentucky’s Learning Goals and Valued Outcomes. It is a study of our numeration system and bases, number theory, and the real number system with the concepts of algebra, logic, sets, estimation, and relations emphasized throughout. Problem solving techniques, manipulative aids, cooperative learning, writing, and available technology will be utilized as appropriate to help foster a constructive belief about mathematics. Credit: 3 hours. Offered fall semesters and other semesters by demand.